Paul Brown

Artworks for IDAA



PO Box 413

Cotton Tree QLD 4558



+61 (0)419 72 74 85 mobile

+1 309 216 9900 fax (note USA code)









Paul Brown is an artist and writer who has been specialising in art & technology for over 30 years.

In 1984 he was the founding head of the United Kingdom's National Centre for Computer Aided Art and Design and in 1994 he returned to Australia after a two-year appointment as Professor of Art and Technology at Mississippi State University to head Griffith University’s Multimedia Unit.  In 1996 was the founding Adjunct Professor of Communication Design at Queensland University of Technology.

From 1997-99 he was Chair of the Management Board of the Australian Network for Art Technology and he is a member of the Editorial Advisory Boards for LEA, the e-journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences and Technology, and the journal Digital Creativity.  From 1992 to 1999 he edited fineArt forum, one of the Internet's longest established art 'zines and is currently moderator of the DASH (Digital ArtS Histories) list.

His computer generated artwork has been exhibited internationally since 1967 and is currently on show in Europe, the USA and Australia

During 2000/2001 he was a New Media Arts Fellow of the Australia Council and he spent 2000 as artist-in-residence at the Centre for Computational Neuroscience and Robotics at the University of Sussex in Brighton, England.  He is currently (2002-05) a Visiting Fellow in the School of History of Art, Film and Visual Media at Birkbeck College, University of London, where he is working on the CACHe (Computer Arts, Contexts, Histories, etc...) project.

Examples of his artwork and publications are available on his website at:


More information about CACHe is here:











Artist's Statement

During my 35-year career as an artist my principal concern has been the systematic exploration of surface.  Since 1974 my main tool has been the computational and generative process.   I have established a significant international reputation in this field of work and was recently described by Mitchell Whitelaw as… one of the unheralded pioneers of a-life art  (Metacreation - Art and Artificial Life, MIT Press, 2004, pp.146, 148-152).

My work is based in a field of computational science called Cellular Automata or CA’s.  These are simple systems that can propagate themselves over time.  CA’s are part of the origins of the discipline known as Artificial Life or A-life.  I have been interested in CA’s and their relationship to tiling and symmetry systems since the 1960's. Over the past 30 years I have applied these processes to time-based artworks, prints on paper and large-scale public artworks.

In my artwork I attempt to create venues which encourage the participant to engage both visually and physically with the work.  Because my work emerges (in the computational sense) from game-like processes I include elements of play in order to capture and sustain the participant's attention.

Rather than being constructed or designed, these works "evolve". I look forward to a future where computational processes like the ones that I build will themselves make artworks without the need for human intervention. The creation of such processes is something that has always fascinated me.

An in depth description of my working methods is contained my chapter Stepping Stones in the Mist in the book Creative Evolutionary Systems edited by Peter Bentley and David Corne, Morgan Kaufmann January 2001 and which is also on my website:








Paul Brown - Résumé                                             artist and writer specialising in art, science and technology

PO Box 413, Cotton Tree QLD 4558, Australia                                                                     mob 0419 72 74 85                fax  +1 309 216 9900                                                                                                                                    


         Born, 23 October, 1947, England, Permanent Resident of Australia since January 1988, Citizen 1997


         Slade School of Fine Art, University College London, HDFA (Lond.) 1979

         Faculty of Art & Design, Liverpool Polytechnic, BA (Hons. 1) Fine Art, 1977

         Manchester College of Art & Design 1965-68


         Visiting Research Fellow, School of History of Art, Film and Visual Media ,  Birkbeck, University of London,  2002-2005

         New Media Arts Fellow, Australia Council, 2000-2001

         Artist-in-Residence, School of Cognitive and Computer Science, University of Sussex, 2000

         Artist-in-Residence, Queensland Sciencentre, October 98 - September 99

         Freelance Artist, Writer and Consultant, 1996-present

         Founding Adjunct Professor of Communication Design, QUT, Semester 1, 1996

         Lecturer in Multimedia 1, Southern Cross University, Semester 2, 1995

         Lecturer in the History of New Media Arts (Graduate), Queensland College of Art, Semester 2, 95/6

         Artist-in-Residence, James Cook University, Townsville, Winter 1995

         Consultant in Multimedia and Network Publishing, Griffith University, 1994-95

         Professor of Art & Technology, Mississippi State University, 1992-94

         Founding Creative Director, Advanced Computer Graphics Center, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, 1990

         Director, Computer Image Program, Swinburne Institute of Technology 1988-89

         Principal Lecturer, Faculty of Art & Design, Middlesex Polytechnic 1984-87

              Founder & Head, National Centre for Computer Aided Art & Design 1985-87

              Founder & Head, Centre for Advanced Studies in Computer Aided Art & Design 1986-87

         Director, Digital Pictures Limited, 1981-84

Selected Exhibitions

         Science Meets Art, Queensland State Parliament House, September - October 2004

         TRANSFIGURE, Australian Centre for the Moving Image (ACMI), Melbourne, December 2003 - May 2004

         ARTE.RED 2002: ARCO, Madrid, Spain, February 2002

         Under_score: Next Wave Down Under Festival, New York, USA, October 2001-June 2002

         Microwave International Media Art Festival 2001, Hong Kong, September 2001

         INFOComm, Las Vegas, USA,  June 2001

         Paris/Berlin International Meeting, Berlin, Germany, June 2001

         Wallpaper, Powerhouse Centre for the Arts, Brisbane, May  -June 2001

         ACM1, San Jose, USA, April 2001

         Arcade III, Glasgow, Scotland, April 2001

         Loom, Crafts South, Adelaide, November 2000 & Craft Victoria, Melbourne, January - February 2001

         Vida 3 / Life 3, Madrid, October 2000, Honourable Mention

         International Print Triennial, Cracow, Poland, September 2000

*         John Lansdown Inaugural Multimedia Prize, EUROGRAPHICS 2000, Honourable Mention

         Digital Electronic Art Exhibition, Gertrude Posel Gallery, Johannesburg, South Africa, July 2000

         National Works on Paper, Mornington Peninsula Regional Gallery, November  1999

         28th Montreal International Festival of New Cinema and New  Media, Canada, October 1999

         technOasis, ACM SIGGRAPH 99 Art Show, Los Angeles, USA, August 1999

         GAMUT, CADE 99, Teeside, England, April 1999 & Colville Place Gallery, London, England, 9 July - 28 August 1999

         WYSIWYG, University Art Gallery, CalState Los Angeles, April 1999

         ArCade 2, 5th Biennale of Graphics, Skalingrad, Kenigsberg, Russia, Sept-November 1998

         Alien Spaces, Substation, Singapore, September 1998,  Solo Show

         Toowoomba Biennial Art Award, Toowoomba Regional Gallery, Sept 1998, Acquisition

         National Works on Paper, Mornington Peninsula Regional Gallery, August 1998

         Touchware, ACM SIGGRAPH 98 Art Show, Orlando, USA, July 1998

         Alien Spaces, Logan Regional Art Gallery, May 1998,  Solo Show

         Sapporo International Print Biennale, Japan 1997, Sponsors’ Prize

         Australian Printmedia Awards, Casula Powerhouse, September 1997, Acquisition

         22nd - 26thShell Fremantle Print Awards, Fremantle Arts Centre,1997- 2000

         Alien Spaces, Gilchrist Gallery, Brisbane, July 1997,  Solo Show

         ArCade 2, Brighton, UK, January 1997 (and European tour 97-98)

         21st Shell Fremantle Print Award,  August 1996, First Prize: Purchase Award

         Cover image: Leonardo, Vol 26, No. 2, July 1996

         Sequinz, Multimedia Arts CD-ROM, Artlink - Art in the Electronic Landscape, July 1996

         ISEA 95, Montreal, Canada, September 1995

         ArCade - computer-based fine art prints, Brighton, UK, April 1995 (and UK tour 95-97)

         National Digital Art Awards, Noosa Gallery, Australia, February 1995

         ACM SIGGRAPH 94 - the CD-ROM, Orlando, USA, 1994

         Reconfiguring the Media Image, Australian Video Festival, Sydney, Australia, 1991

         ACM SIGGRAPH 86 Art Show, Dallas, USA, 1986

         ACM SIGGRAPH 84 Electronic Theatre, Minneapolis, USA, 1984

         Memoria nella Informatica, Milan, Italy, 1981

         Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy, 1980

Recent Collections, Commissions and Awards

         Public Artwork for Ipswich Eastern Entry Statement, Ipswich City  Council, December 2002

         Public Artwork for Wynnum Court House, Queensland State Government, September 2001

         Australia Council, New Media Arts Fund, $80,000 Fellowship, 1999 (for 2000/01)

         Art Rage, artwork acquired December 1998

         ArtBank, artworks acquired November 98 and October 97

         Griffith Artworks, artwork acquired July 98

         UWS Macarthur Art Collection, artwork acquired August 97

         Redland Shire Council, artwork acquired July 1997

         Australia Council, New Media Arts Fund, $18,000 Project Development grant, 1996 (for 97/98)

         Public Fountain Detailing, Redland Shire Council, opened March 97

         Shell Australia, Melbourne, artwork acquired August 96

         OptusVision, Fortitude Valley, Brisbane, artwork acquired July 96

Selected Recent Citations

         Mitchell Whitelaw, Metacreation: Art and Artificial Life, MIT Press, 2004 , pp146, 148-152

         Alan Pipes, Foundations of Art and Design, Laurence King Publishing, 2004, pp 241

         Suzette Worden, Writing the Collection, Curtin University of Technology, 2004, pp 18-19

         Patric D. Prince, Computer Art in the New Millennium, IEEE CG&A, Vol. 20 No. 1, pp 26-27

         Biographical citation, Who’s Who of Australian Visual Artists, Thorpe, Melbourne, 1995

Selected Professional Memberships and Activities

         Member, Editorial Advisory Board, LEA - the E-Journal of ISAST, MIT Press

         Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Digital Creativity, Swets and Zeitlinger

         Co-Chair, Creativity and Cognition 5, London, April 2005 (to appear)

         Member, Art Show Jury -and- member Education Program Committee, SIGGRAPH 04, Los Angeles, August 2004

         Guest Editor, Generative Computation and the Arts, special issue of Digital Creativity, Vol. 14, No. 1, April  2003

         Judge, COMGRAPH 2001 & 2002  art and animation sections, Singapore, June 2001 & 2002

         Editor, fineArt forum - the newsletter of the Art, Science and Technology Network, 1992-98

         Judge, Computer Animation Film Festival, Los Angeles 1997

         Member, International Advisory Committee, ISEA 95 & ISEA 96

         Member, Art Show Committee, ACM SIGGRAPH 90 & ACM SIGGRAPH 92

         Chair, Art and Video Program Committee, AUSGRAPH 90, Melbourne, Australia

Selected Recent Publications and Presentations

         Recovering History, SIGGRAPH 2003 Electronic Art and Animation Catalog, ACM SIGGRAPH, San Diego, July 2003

         The Idea Becomes a Machine - AI and Alife in Early British Computer Art, Consciousness Reframed 2003, July 2003

         Stepping Stones in the Mist, chapter for Bentley, P (Ed.) Creative Evolutionary Systems, Morgan Kaufman August 2001

         Emergent Culture, MESH, Issue #12, 1998/99, Experimenta Media Arts, pp. 4-8, July 1998

         The Garden of Virtual Delights, Periphery No. 30, March 1997

         Networks and Artworks, chapter in Mealing, S. Computers and Art, Intellect Press, Jan 1997

         Looking at The Ceiling, Imprint Vol. 31 No. 4, Print Council of Australia, December 1996

         New Media, an emergent paradigm, Periphery No. 29, November 1996

         Emergent Behaviours: towards computational aesthetics, Artlink - Art in the Electronic Landscape, July 1996

         Stephan Barron, Catalogue essay for the Telstra Adelaide Festival, April 1996.

         Hype, Hope and CyberSpace - pedagogical problems at the digital frontier, Proc. ISEA 94, Helsinki. Also in The Virtual Studio, Proc. eCAADe, Strathclyde 1994 -and- Proc. Intersections, UNSW, November 1994.

         Computational Design - a new paradigm for art and design education, T.H.E Journal December 1993

         Digital Technology and Motion Pictures, chapter in Ross Harley (Ed.) New Media Technologies, AFTRS 1993.

         Beyond Art, chapter in Clifford A Pickover (Ed.) Visions of the Future, Science Reviews, UK 1993.

         Reality versus Imagination, ACM SIGGRAPH 92 Visual Proceedings, ACM NY USA. July 92.

         Desktop Multimedia, Media Information Australia, Sydney, Australia. April 92.

         Communion and Cargo Cults, Proc. Second International Symposium on Electronic Arts (SISEA), the Netherlands.  May 91

         Steps Towards the Evolution of a New Medium - Computer Aided Art & Design.  Leonardo vol. 23 #2&3 pp 197-200.  Fall 90.

         Metamedia and Cyberspace - advanced computers and the future of art, chapter in Heywood, P, Ed., Culture Technology and Creativity in the Late 20th Century. Arts Council of Great Britain/John Lebby Press.  October 1990

         Art at the Computer Human Interface, Artlink, vol. 9 #4 December 89

         Art and the Information Revolution, SIGGRAPH 89 Art Show Catalogue.   Leonardo: Computer Art in Context.  August 89